Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Additional IFRS Measures

Net earnings available to common shareholders, which is an additional measure in accordance with IFRS, may be subdivided into two components consisting of:

  • Adjusted net earnings available to common shareholders; and
  • Other items, which include the after-tax impact of any item that management considers to be of a non-recurring nature or that could make the period-over-period comparison of results from operations less meaningful.

“Adjusted net earnings available to common shareholders”, “adjusted diluted earnings per share” (EPS) and “adjusted return on average common equity” (ROE) are non-IFRS financial measures which are used to provide management and investors with additional measures to assess earnings performance. These non-IFRS financial measures do not have standard meanings prescribed by IFRS and may not be directly comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

“Earnings before interest and taxes” (EBIT), “earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization before sales commissions” (EBITDA before sales commissions), and “earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization after sales commissions” (EBITDA after sales commissions) are also non-IFRS financial measures. EBIT, EBITDA before sales commissions and EBITDA after sales commissions are alternative measures of performance utilized by management, investors and investment analysts to evaluate and analyze the Company’s results. The two EBITDA measures have been introduced following the adoption of IFRS 15. EBITDA before sales commissions excludes all mutual fund sales commissions and is comparable to prior periods. EBITDA after sales commissions includes all sales commissions and highlights aggregate cash flows. Other items of a non-recurring nature, or that could make the period-over-period comparison of results from operations less meaningful, are further excluded to arrive at EBITDA before sales commissions and EBITDA after sales commissions. These non-IFRS financial measures do not have standard meanings prescribed by IFRS and may not be directly comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

“Earnings before income taxes” and “net earnings available to common shareholders” are additional IFRS measures which are used to provide management and investors with additional measures to assess earnings performance. These measures are considered additional IFRS measures as they are in addition to the minimum line items required by IFRS and are relevant to an understanding of the entity’s financial performance.

Refer to the appropriate reconciliations of non-IFRS financial measures to reported results in accordance with IFRS in Tables 1 to 4.